IN THE SPOTLIGHT

Probe of Alzheimer’s Follows Paths of Infection

(Harvard University) Starting with microbes, Harvard-MGH researchers outline a devastating chain of events. What if the bad-boy protein of Alzheimer’s disease — amyloid beta — isn’t so bad after all? Harvard researchers found themselves asking that question several years ago after noticing remarkable similarities between amyloid beta, thought to be a major player in the disease’s … [Read More...]

DAILY NEWS

Dementia-related Brain Changes Observed Before Memory Problems are Noticeable

(MedicalNewsToday) University of Toronto and Baycrest Rotman Research Institute (RRI) scientists have discovered a potential brain imaging predictor for dementia, which illustrates that changes to the brain's structure may occur years prior to a diagnosis, even before individuals notice their own memory problems. The joint study, published in the Neurobiology of Aging, looked at older adults … [Read More...]

Spread of Tau Protein Measured in Brains of Alzheimer’s Patients

(MedicalXpress) In a new study presented in Molecular Psychiatry, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have measured how deposits of the pathological protein tau spread through the brain over the course of Alzheimer's disease. Their results show that the size of the deposit and the speed of its spread differ from one individual to the next, and that large amounts of tau in the brain can be … [Read More...]

How One Town Hopes to Cure Alzheimer’s

(WebMD) Judy Culbertson gets lost sometimes. She might be on her way home from the grocery store or some other place she’s been dozens of times, when she suddenly finds herself on a street she doesn’t recognize. “Then I call somebody and they tell me which way to go,” says Culbertson, 74. “It’s scary.” Incidents like these pushed Culbertson to attend a “Meet the Memory Doctor” town hall in … [Read More...]

Can Omega-3 Help Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease?

(Journal of Alzheimer's Disease) Neuroimaging shows increased blood flow in regions of the brain associated with memory and learning for people with higher omega-3 levels, according to a new report in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is expected to triple in the coming decades and no cure has been found. Recently, interest in dietary approaches … [Read More...]

PTSD, Certain Prescriptions for PTSD May Raise Risk for Dementia

(American Geriatrics Society) Researchers are discovering that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant risk factor in developing dementia. Dementia is a memory problem that affects a person's ability to carry out usual tasks. Dementia is a leading cause of serious illness, disability, and death. It often requires care in a nursing home or other long-term care facility for people … [Read More...]

CAREGIVER’S CORNER

Following a Mediterranean Diet is Beneficial to Your Brain

(AARP) When it comes to what we eat, research indicates in a strong and clear direction: the food we consume does indeed impact the health of our brains. Emmaline Rasmussen, MS, RD, E-RYT, a nutrition specialist and clinical research dietitian at NorthShore University HealthSystem, works with each of our Brain Health patients on an individualized … [Read More...]

Helping Family and Friends Understand Alzheimer’s Disease

(National Institutes of Health) When you learn that someone has Alzheimer’s disease, you may wonder when and how to tell your family and friends. You may be worried about how others will react to or treat the person. Realize that family and friends often sense that something is wrong before they are told. Alzheimer’s disease is hard to keep … [Read More...]

Alzheimer’s Disease and Creating a Daily Plan

(Alzheimer's Association) Daily routines can be helpful for both you — the caregiver — and the person with Alzheimer's. A planned day allows you to spend less time trying to figure out what to do, and more time on activities that provide meaning and enjoyment. Organizing the Day A person with Alzheimer's or other progressive dementia will … [Read More...]

Relaxation Techniques for Stress Relief

(HelpGuide.org) For many of us, relaxation means zoning out in front of the TV at the end of a stressful day. But this does little to reduce the damaging effects of stress. To effectively combat stress, we need to activate the body's natural relaxation response. You can do this by practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, … [Read More...]

The Emotional Side of Caregiving

(Family Caregiver Alliance) Whether you become a caregiver gradually or all of sudden due to a crisis, or whether you are a caregiver willingly or by default, many emotions surface when you take on the job of caregiving. Some of these feelings happen right away and some don’t surface until you have been caregiving for awhile. Whatever your … [Read More...]

SCIENCE CORNER

Environmental Risk Factors for Dementia

BMC Geriatr. 2016 Oct 12;16(1):175. Environmental risk factors for dementia: a systematic review. Killin LO, Starr JM, Shiue IJ, Russ TC Abstract Background Dementia risk reduction is a major and growing public health priority. While certain modifiable risk factors for dementiahave been identified, there remains a substantial proportion of … [Read More...]

Physical Activity: A Viable Way to Reduce the Risks of Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Vascular Dementia in Older Adults

Brain Sci. 2017 Feb 20;7(2). pii: E22. doi: 10.3390/brainsci7020022. Physical Activity: A Viable Way to Reduce the Risks of Mild Cognitive Impairment, Alzheimer's Disease, and Vascular Dementia in Older Adults. Gallaway PJ1, Miyake H2, Buchowski MS3, Shimada M4, Yoshitake Y5, Kim AS6, Hongu N7. Abstract A recent alarming rise of … [Read More...]

Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia

Stroke. 2017 Apr 20. pii: STROKEAHA.116.016027. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.016027. [Epub ahead of print] Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia: A Prospective Cohort Study. Pase MP1, Himali JJ2, Beiser AS2, Aparicio HJ2, Satizabal CL2, Vasan RS2, Seshadri S2, Jacques … [Read More...]

Risk of Pneumonia Associated with Incident Benzodiazepine Use Among Adults with Alzheimer Disease

CMAJ. 2017 Apr 10;189(14):E519-E529. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.160126. Risk of pneumonia associated with incident benzodiazepine use among community-dwelling adults with Alzheimer disease. Taipale H1, Tolppanen AM2, Koponen M2, Tanskanen A2, Lavikainen P2, Sund R2, Tiihonen J2, Hartikainen S2. Abstract Background Knowledge regarding whether … [Read More...]